Gilgit-Baltistan of PakistanGilgit-Baltistan. Baltistan is bordered to the south and south-east of Ladakh and in the south-west of Kashmir situated in the heart of the Karakoram. In the Gilgit-Baltistan of Pakistan four big mountain ranges the Karakoram, the Handukuch the Himalayas and The Pamirs- meet.
The region Gilgit Baltistan has its rich cultural heritage and scenic beauty and the whole Gilgit Baltistan is the paradise of mountains climbers, trekkers and hikers from whole over the world.
Gilgit–Baltistan is administratively divided into two divisions and nine districts.Gilgit is federal territory of Gilgit–Baltistan in northernPakistan and skardu is the Capital of Baltistan.
The Indus plains, where 80 % of the population live, take up one third of the total area of the country.A high birth rate (2.41 % population growth), extensive emigration of academics and – as a result of the war in Afghanistan about 2.2. Million refugees confront the government with huge problems. Pakistan is what is called a third-world country, and indeed one of the poorer ones. Life expectancy is 64 years, infant mortality 84 per 1000, and illiteracy rate 57 %. There is no compulsory school attendance.
On the other hand the region can look back on a more than 1000-year-old culture. Countless cultural as well as scenic sights make Pakistan an interesting destination for tourists. This is especially true for the north of the country, i.e. the mountain regions.
BaltistanBaltistan is one of the least developed regions in the world. Half of the approximately 400,000 Baltis live below the poverty line, one in five is to a high degree undernourished or malnourished. On the average, a woman bears 9 children many of whom die before reaching their second year.
Nowhere on earth is there such a concentration of mountains higher than 7000 metres. The average height of Baltistan is 4 700 metres above sea-level, the lowest point lies at about 2000 metres. The mountains of the Karakoram are steep and ragged, which make them unsuitable for mass tourism, but they offer limitless possibilities for trekkers and mountaineers. The landscape of Baltistan with its majestic summits, sheer granite towers, flower-strewn slopes and long glaciers is unique in its bizarre and breath-taking beauty.
The inhabitants of Baltistan, the Baltis, impress the visitor with their hospitality. They are gentle and peace-loving and radiate composure not to be ruffled by anything. Violence against tourists is unheard-of in Baltistan, and crime is as good as non-existent.
|Baltistan divided into four kingdoms:
Famous Mountains Peaks above 8000 Meters:
• K-2 (Chagori) (8616 Meter)
• Nanga Parbat (8125 Meter)
• Gasherbrum-I (8068 Meter)
• Broad Peak (8065 Meter)
• Gasherbrum-II (8047 Meter)
Cultural & Festival Events:
• Shandoor Polo Festival
• Babusar Polo Festival
• Harvest time festival
|There were also four lesser principalities:
• Gondogoro la traverse
• Concordia / k2 base camp
• karakorum great traverse
Alghani: Favoride rhythm of the people of Gilgit, Ghizer Yasin, Puniyal, and Gupis.
Ajoli: during departure of bride and groom from house
Souse: A fast rhythm and is used specially in sword dances.
Dani: Dani is the name of a traditional music used in Hunza.
|Famous mountain ranges:
• The Hindukush (Tirich Mir, 7 690 m)
• The Himalaya (Nanga Parbat, 8 126 m)
• The Karakoram (K 2, 8 611 m)
• The Pamirs and the border mountains to Afghanistan and Iran.
Culture, Tradition & Heritage of Gilgit- Baltistan:
Gilgit-Baltistan is home to a number of diversified cultures, ethnic groups, languages and various backgrounds.
Languages spoken in Gilgit-Baltistan:
Music and Dances:
• Old Man Dance
• Sword Dance
• Cow Boy Dance